A successful physical security solution would require to fulfil certain essential conditions. These are listed below :-

1. The Layout of Premises

This includes the number of buildings, entry and exit points, access to sensitive areas and rooftops, fencing and other factors. Also, consider whether landscaping and trees might create hiding places.

2. Illumination

Lighting can serve as a crime deterrent and can help video surveillance technology to better capture crimes in progress. Is the facility adequately lit? Are there areas of darkness that could compromise security?

3. Access Control

Consider all doors and gates and whom will have access. What technology will best keep out the bad guys while creating an easy means of ingress and egress for authorized individuals?

4. Physical Security

How many security guards does the facility have, and what hours are they on-site? Are the guards stationary, or will they perform rounds? If there are areas of the facility that they do not visit, should they be secured by video cameras or other technology?

5. Electronic Surveillance

What areas of the interior and exterior will be covered by security cameras? Who will monitor the video, and how long will footage be kept for investigation purposes? How will you ensure that camera equipment, cabling and other devices will be safe and out of reach of criminals and vandals?

6. Electronic Access Control Systems

What electronic access control technology will be installed? Who will have access to each area of the facility, and who will be in charge of issuing access cards or entry codes? How will your customer ensure that former employees aren’t able to leave with their cards or entry codes?

7. Manual keys and locks

What types of locks and keys does the facility have? Now is the time to ensure that they are in good working order and that all keys are accounted for.

8. Redundancy

Consider any back-up technology the site might need. If cameras or digital recorders fail, will security officials be in the dark, or do you have redundancy built into your plan?

9. Communication Means

What technology will security personnel use to communicate with each other and with other employees or members of the public? How will they relay emergency information, such as video footage or license plate numbers, to police and other first responders? A wide range of security communications technology is available today, so be sure to do some legwork to find what will work best for each customer.

10. Emergency protocols

Of course, even the best-planned physical security system is incomplete without a carefully thought-out plan for emergencies and other incidents. Who will respond during an event, and what actions will they take? For example, during an active shooter event, security guards might first send out a facility-wide alert, then lock down certain buildings.

Depending on the customer and the facility, emergency protocols will vary greatly. By working closely with your customer – and other stakeholders – we will establish a plan that will help prepare the facility for nearly any type of incident.